Consumer Price Index

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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

  • The impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on CPI data Read More »
  • Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) panel information and meeting schedule Read More »

Charts

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Latest Numbers

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.6% in Jul 2020 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 10.2% in Jul 2020 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +1,763,000(p) in Jul 2020 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.07(p) in Jul 2020 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.6%(p) in Jul 2020 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.5% in 2nd Qtr of 2020 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +7.3% in 2nd Qtr of 2020 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: +0.7% in Jul 2020 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +0.8% in Jul 2020 News Release Historical Data

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Next Release

August 2020 CPI data are scheduled to be released on September 11, 2020, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time. read more »

News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.6% in July as gasoline index rises, food index decreases

08/12/2020

In July, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 0.6 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 1.0 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in July (SA); up 1.6 percent over the year (NSA).
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Publications

Monthly Labor Review

Monthly Labor Review article image

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on food price indexes and data collection

This article describes the impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on price changes for food categories within the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics import/export price indexes, producer price indexes, and consumer price indexes. In addition, the article assesses the pandemic’s impact on price data collection efforts. Safety precautions established during the pandemic created data collection challenges for some price indexes more than others. read more »

The Economics Daily

The Economics Daily article image

Consumer prices increased 0.6 percent for the year ended June 2020

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 0.6 percent from June 2019 to June 2020. read more »